Adding Spirit to Economics

Sivaraksa, Sulak

In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Operationalization of Gross National Happiness. Centre for Bhutan Studies, Thimphu 2004, pp. 409-429 . ISBN 88936-14-22-X

PDF, English
Terms of use / Nutzungsbedingungen

Download (255kB)
For citations of this document, please do not use the address displayed in the URL prompt of the browser. Instead, please cite with one of the following:


It is abundantly clear that the material benefits of modernization and Westernization are unfairly distributed to the people of the planet. Industrial capitalism has been built upon the violence of conquest, genocide, slavery, debt and bondage. Extermination continues today, especially that of indigenous and ethnic people. Inequality and exploitation lead to tension and conflict. Although many conflicts are expressed in ethnic terms, the underlying issues are often class based and rooted in the social structures of the global economic system. As social disparities and resistance increase, people have to be managed more and more through violent repression. Thus, we have a situation where the global economy is predominantly a military economy and the world's leading nations are producing the weapons perpetuating the situation. The common agenda of different social movements must be firmly placed on a non-violent and spiritual path. This is the only way they can overcome the violence and destructiveness of the dominant world order.

Document type: Book Section
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 15 March 2010
ISBN: 88936-14-22-X
Faculties / Institutes: Research Organisations / Academies > Centre for Bhutan Studies
DDC-classification: Other and comparative religions
Controlled Subjects: Spiritualität, Wirtschaftsentwicklung, Modernisierung
Uncontrolled Keywords: Menschliche Entwicklung, Spirituality , Social Development , Modernization
Subject (classification): Economics
Religion and Philosophy