Education and Civil Conflict in Nepal

Valente, Christine

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Between 1996 and 2006, Nepal experienced violent civil conflict as a consequence of a Maoist insurgency, which many argue also brought about an increase in female empowerment. This paper exploits variations in exposure to conflict by birth cohort, survey date, and district to estimate the impact of the insurgency on education outcomes. Overall conflict intensity, measured by conflict casualties, is associated with an increase in female educational attainment, whereas abductions by Maoists, which often targeted school children, have the reverse effect. Male schooling tended to increase more rapidly in areas where the fighting was more intense, but the estimates are smaller in magnitude and more sensitive to specification than estimates for females. Similar results are obtained across different specifications, and robustness checks indicate that these findings are not due to selective migration.

Document type: Working paper
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Date: 2013
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 5 June 2015
Number of Pages: 47
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Education
Controlled Subjects: Nepal / Bürgerkrieg, Bildung, Geschichte 1996-2006
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nepal, Bildung, Bürgerkrieg, Geschichte 1996-2006 / Nepal, Education, Civil War, History 1996-2006
Subject (classification): Education and Research
Countries/Regions: Nepal
Additional Information: © World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 Unported