Gender and Public Goods Provision in Tamil Nadu's Village Governments

Gajwani, Kiran ; Zhang, Xiaobo

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Abstract

Using data from 144 village-level governments in India's Tamil Nadu state, this paper investigates political reservations for women and whether the gender of village government leaders influences the provision of village public goods. A knowledge test of village government presidents and a survey about the interaction between village presidents and higher-level officials reveal that female village government presidents have much lower knowledge of the village government system than do their male counterparts and have significantly less contact with higher-level government officials. Although male and female presidents provide similar amounts of some public goods, there is strong evidence that village governments led by a woman built fewer schools and roads two public goods that require relatively more contact and coordination with higher-level officials.

Document type: Working paper
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Date: 2014
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 6 July 2015
Number of Pages: 51
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Public administration
Controlled Subjects: Tamil Nadu, Dorf, Frau, Öffentliches Gut
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tamil Nadu, Dorfverwaltung, Frauen, Öffentliche Güter / Tamil Nadu, Village Administration, Women, Public Goods
Subject (classification): Politics
Countries/Regions: India
Additional Information: © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/18351 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO
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