How Do the Poor Cope with Shocks in Bangladesh? Evidence from Survey Data

Santos, Indhira ; Sharif, Iffath ; Rahman, Hossain Zillur ; Zaman, Hassan

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Abstract

This paper uses household survey data collected in September-October 2009 on a nationally representative sample of 2,000 households in Bangladesh to examine the nature of shocks experienced by households over the preceding 12 months and the type of coping mechanisms that were adopted. The analysis finds that more than half the sample claimed to have faced a shock -- economic, health, climatic, or asset related -- over the previous year. Surprisingly, the non-poor face a larger share of these shocks compared with the poor. A closer look at this result shows that the non-poor report a significantly larger share of "asset-related" shocks, which is consistent with the fact that the poor have fewer assets to lose. Health-related shocks dominate and households appear to have coped with these shocks through savings and loans, help from friends, and depletion of assets. The results show that households, when faced with covariate shocks due to climatic reasons, are less able to cope. As would be expected, the poor are less able to cope with shocks compared with the non-poor; the poor are more likely to use coping mechanisms that could have negative welfare implications in the longer term, including the depletion of assets, reduction of essential consumption, and use of high-interest loans. Econometric analysis suggests that geographical location, socio-economic status, and access to microfinance all affect the ability to cope with shocks. Policy implications include the importance of developing safety nets that take into account the vulnerability to climate-related shocks and further developing the links between micro-finance and safety net programs.

Document type: Working paper
Publisher: The World Bank
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Date: 2011
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 11 September 2015
Number of Pages: 22
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: "Social services; association"
Controlled Subjects: Bangladesch, Armut, Krise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesch, Armut, Krisenbewältigung / Bangladesh, Poverty, Crisis Management
Subject (classification): Sociology
Economics
Countries/Regions: Bangladesh
Additional Information: © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/3573 License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0
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