Creating Jobs in South Asia’s Conflict Zones

Iyer, Lakshmi ; Santos, Indhira

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Abstract

This paper describes the key challenges to job creation in conflict-affected environments in South Asia. It uses household survey data since the early 2000s for Afghanistan, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka to document the characteristics of labor markets in conflict-affected areas, exploiting the spatial and time variation in armed conflict within countries. The analysis finds that, across countries, labor markets look very different in conflict-affected areas when compared with non-conflict or low-conflict areas. Employment rates are higher in large part because women participate more in the labor market, but work tends to be more vulnerable, with more self-employment and unpaid family work. The authors show that these differences often pre-date the conflict but are also exacerbated by it. They also examine the constraints on the private sector activity in such areas, using firm surveys when possible. Finally, the paper reviews the existing literature and the policy experiences of several countries to draw some policy implications for job creation efforts in the conflict-affected areas of South Asia. It particularly highlights the role of the private sector and community initiatives, in conjunction with public policies, to improve the environment for successful job creation.

Document type: Working paper
Publisher: The World Bank
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Date: 2012
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 16 October 2015
Number of Pages: 52
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Economics
Controlled Subjects: Südasien, Konflikt, Arbeitsmarkt
Uncontrolled Keywords: Südasien, Konfliktzone, Beschäftigungswachstum / South Asia, Conflict Zone, Employment Growth
Subject (classification): Politics
Economics
Countries/Regions: South Asia
Additional Information: © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9315 License: CC BY 3.0 Unported
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