Energy Access, Efficiency, and Poverty: How Many Households Are Energy Poor in Bangladesh?

Barnes, Douglas F. ; Khandker, Shahidur R. ; Samad, Hussain A.

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Abstract

Access to energy, especially modern sources, is a key to any development initiative. Based on cross-section data from a 2004 survey of some 2,300 households in rural Bangladesh, this paper studies the welfare impacts of household energy use, including that of modern energy, and estimates the household minimum energy requirement that could be used as a basis for an energy poverty line. The paper finds that although the use of both traditional (biomass energy burned in conventional stoves) and modern (electricity and kerosene) sources improves household consumption and income, the return on modern sources is 20 to 25 times higher than that on traditional sources. In addition, after comparing alternate measures of the energy poverty line, the paper finds that some 58 percent of rural households in Bangladesh are energy poor, compared with 45 percent that are income poor. The findings suggest that growth in electrification and adoption of efficient cooking stoves for biomass use can lower energy poverty in a climate-friendly way by reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Reducing energy poverty helps reduce income poverty as well.

Document type: Working paper
Publisher: The World Bank
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Date: 2010
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 6 November 2015
Number of Pages: 48
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: "Social services; association"
Controlled Subjects: Bangladesch, Armut, Energieversorgung
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesch, Armut, Energieversorgung / Bangladesh, Poverty, Energy Supply
Subject (classification): Science and Technology
Sociology
Countries/Regions: Bangladesh
Additional Information: © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/3818 License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0
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