The Maldives in the face of recurrent Jihadism

Casaca, Paulo

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Abstract

The recent Easter 2020 attack in the Maldives, targeting ‘several boats anchored at the harbour of Mahibadhoo island, some of which belonged to the Maldives’ “apostate government” was claimed by ISIS through the Al Naba magazine (Zahir, 2020). It clearly indicates that Jihadism remains an issue of high concern in the country, as it proved fully ready to exploit the COVID-19 pandemic. These fanatics seem to be very well organised and apt in using social media: ‘in social media outlets violent extremists made threats of revenge against the government. They established a Telegram channel by the name “TouristWatchMv” in January, suggesting a possible targeting of tourists in the country. It is now believed that individuals linked to the Maduvvari cell carried out the earlier attacks. (…) Individuals and small cells, networked through social media and other communications technologies, with excess to Salafi-jihadi ideology, have now taken up the cause of spreading violent extremism using various platforms like Facebook and Telegram.’ (Zahir, 2020). This terrorist attack has been associated with the presence of Jihadists in the Levant war scenario. A UN agency analysing the Jihadi flux to this region observed that ‘On a per capita basis, Maldives is one of the largest contributors of FTFs [Foreign Terrorist Fighters] to the Syrian Arab Republic and Iraq’. […]

Document type: Article
Publisher: South Asia Democratic Forum (SADF)
Place of Publication: Brussels
Date: 2020
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 26 July 2021
Number of Pages: 16
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Religion
Military science
Controlled Subjects: Malediven, Terrorismus, Islam
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malediven, Terrorismus, Dschihad, Islam, soziale Medien, Gewalt / Maledives, terrorism, jihad, Islam, social media, violence
Subject (classification): Religion and Philosophy
Countries/Regions: Maldives
Series: Themen > SADF Focus
Volume: 66
Additional Information: DOI: 10.48251/SADF.ISSN.2406-5633.F66 (der Erstausgabe)