State Rationales for contributing troops to UN peacekeeping operations

Khan Daim, Makam ; Edet, Isidore Henry

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Abstract

In many conflict zones around the globe - spreading from Sub-Saharan Africa to Eastern Europe and from the Middle East to Haiti - contingent troops, experts, staff officers, police and personnel are working under the umbrella of the United Nations (UN). Controls struggle to promote peace and stability, as well as maintain the rule of law and order. According to conflict resolution theorists, peacekeeping operations (PKO) are necessary for positive conflict transformation. Thus the UNPKO plays a fundamental role in maintaining world peace (Diehl, Druckman and Wall, 1998). The UN Peacekeeping’s mandate is unique in terms of global partnership. It is set by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council (UNSC); consent of the host country is needed, as is that by troop and police contributors (What is peacekeeping, 2020). UN peacekeeping troops help countries navigate the challenging path from conflict to stability. However, as the UN doesn’t have a regular army, it relies on member states troop to carry out Peacekeeping Operations in conflict areas. This research demonstrates that well-equipped and trained UN peacekeeping operations promote peace and stability more efficiently. The paper centres on an important question: what motivates the willingness of member states to contribute with troops to the UNPKO. We found that states experiencing inter-state rivalry and with struggling economies tend to contribute more troops than great powers and wealthy states. Bellamy and Williams’ Model and Middle Power theory are used here so as to better analyse the rationale of troops contribution in PKO. China as a case study is also used in the paper.

Document type: Article
Publisher: South Asia Democratic Forum (SADF)
Place of Publication: Brussels
Date: 2021
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 26 July 2021
Number of Pages: 16
Faculties / Institutes: Miscellaneous > Individual person
DDC-classification: Military science
Controlled Subjects: Vereinte Nationen, Zivil-militärische Zusammenarbeit, Friedenskonsolidierung, Demokratisierung
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vereinte Nationen, zivil-militärische Zusammenarbeit, Friedenskonsolidierung, Demokratisierung, Konflikt, Frieden, UN, United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, UNSC / United Nations, civil-military cooperation, peacebuilding, democratization, Conflict, Peace, UN, United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, UNSC
Subject (classification): Miscellaneous
Countries/Regions: other countries
Series: Themen > SADF Focus
Volume: 71
Additional Information: DOI: 10.48251/SADF.ISSN.2406-5633.F71 (der Erstausgabe)