Development as Freedom, Freedom as Happiness: Human Development and Happiness in Bhutan

Johnson, Joseph

In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Operationalization of Gross National Happiness. Centre for Bhutan Studies, Thimphu 2004, pp. 457-471 . ISBN 99936-14-22-X

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Abstract

In this paper, the author demonstrates that Bhutan's philosophy of Gross National Happiness is related to emerging ideas in the field of human development. Firstly, he provides some real-life examples of how economic measurements such as income and GDP do not provide policy makers with sufficient information to guarantee desirable outcomes. Then he introduces some ideas such as the capability approach, capacity to aspire, and human security that may complement the Royal Government of Bhutan's attempts to operationalize GNH. The overall purpose of this paper is to recommend to the Royal Government of Bhutan that there are many theoretical tools that have been developed by experts from various disciplines and institutions that might be useful in the effort to operationalize GNH.

Document type: Book Section
Version: Secondary publication
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2010 13:06
ISBN: 99936-14-22-X
Faculties / Institutes: Research Organisations / Academies > Centre for Bhutan Studies
DDC-classification: Social sciences
Controlled Keywords: Bhutan, Bruttonationalglück, Sozialer Indikator
Uncontrolled Keywords: Menschliche Entwicklung, Bhutan , Gross National Happiness , Human Development , Social Indicator
Subject (classification): Sociology
Countries/Regions: Bhutan